Inversion results appended with estimates from vegetation changes in assessment of Ground Surface Temperatures for the Amazon Region, Brazil

  • Valiya Hamza National Observatory (ON)
  • Fábio Vieira National Observatory (ON)
  • Suze Guimaraes National Observatory (ON)
  • Elizabeth Pimentel Federal University of Amazonas
Keywords: Geothermal evidences, Climate Changes of recent past, Amazon region, Brazil


Estimates have been made of ground surface temperature (GST) variations for 25 localities in the region of Manaus (province of Amazon in Brazil) making use of both forward and inverse models. The work is based on analysis of borehole temperature logs as well as remote sensing data concerning changes in vegetation cover. Results of functional space inversion (FSI) of borehole temperature data reveal the occurrence of a cooling event, with a decrease in temperature of slightly less than 1oC, for the period of 1600 to 1850 AD. This episode coincides roughly with the period of “little ice age” in the southern hemisphere. It was followed by a warming event, with magnitudes varying from 2 to 3oC, that lasted until recent times. Integration of these results with estimates based on changes in normalized index of vegetation cover (NVDI) of the last decade points to continuation of climate warming over the last decade. This event is found to be prominent in areas of deforestation in central parts of the Amazon region.